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第 48 章 Lighttpd

目录

48.1. 安装Lighttpd
48.1.1. quick install with aptitude
48.1.2. yum install
48.1.3. to compile and then install lighttpd
48.1.3.1. shell script
48.2. /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
48.2.1. max-worker / max-fds
48.2.2. accesslog.filename
48.2.3. ETags
48.2.4. server.tag
48.3. Module
48.3.1. simple_vhost
48.3.2. ssl
48.3.3. redirect
48.3.4. rewrite
48.3.4.1. Lighttpd Rewrite QSA
48.3.5. alias
48.3.6. auth
48.3.7. compress
48.3.8. expire
48.3.9. status
48.3.10. setenv
48.3.10.1. Automatic Decompression
48.3.11. fastcgi
48.3.11.1. enable fastcgi
48.3.11.2. PHP
48.3.11.3. Python
48.3.11.4. Perl
48.3.11.5. Ruby
48.3.11.6. UNIX domain sockets
48.3.12. user-agent
48.3.13. spdy
48.4. 其他模块
48.4.1. mod_secdownload 防盗链
48.5. Example
48.5.1. s-maxage

48.1. 安装Lighttpd

48.1.1. quick install with aptitude

if you OS is Ubuntu/Debian

apt-get install lighttpd
netkiller@shenzhen:~$ sudo apt-get install lighttpd
		

the config file in /etc/lighttpd

netkiller@shenzhen:~/document/Docbook/Linux$ find /etc/lighttpd/
/etc/lighttpd/
/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
/etc/lighttpd/conf-enabled
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available/10-userdir.conf
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available/10-fastcgi.conf
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available/10-cgi.conf
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available/README
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available/10-ssl.conf
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available/10-proxy.conf
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available/10-auth.conf
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available/10-simple-vhost.conf
/etc/lighttpd/conf-available/10-ssi.conf
		

Enabling and disabling modules could be done by provided e.g.

/usr/sbin/lighty-enable-mod fastcgi
/usr/sbin/lighty-disable-mod fastcgi
		

when you enabled a mod please force-reload it

netkiller@shenzhen:/etc/lighttpd$ sudo lighty-enable-mod fastcgi
Available modules: auth cgi fastcgi proxy simple-vhost ssi ssl userdir
Already enabled modules: userdir
Enabling fastcgi: ok
Run /etc/init.d/lighttpd force-reload to enable changes
netkiller@shenzhen:/etc/lighttpd$ sudo /etc/init.d/lighttpd force-reload
 * Stopping web server lighttpd                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       [ OK ]
 * Starting web server lighttpd
		

48.1.2. yum install

# yum install lighttpd lighttpd-fastcgi -y
# chkconfig lighttpd on
		

创建缓存目录

# mkdir -p /var/cache/lighttpd/compress
# chown lighttpd:lighttpd -R /var/cache/lighttpd
		

禁用ipv6

# vim /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf

#server.use-ipv6 = "enable"
		

48.1.3. to compile and then install lighttpd

  1. 下载相关软件

    立即下载

    $ sudo apt-get install libpcre3*
    
    cd /usr/local/src/
    wget http://www.lighttpd.net/download/lighttpd-1.4.15.tar.gz
    tar zxvf lighttpd-1.4.15.tar.gz
    cd lighttpd-1.4.15
    				
  2. 编译安装

    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/lighttpd-1.4.15 \
    --with-bzip2 \
    --with-memcache
    make
    make install
    				
  3. 创建目录与配置文件

    ln -s /usr/local/lighttpd-1.4.15/ /usr/local/lighttpd
    mkdir -p /www/pages
    mkdir /www/logs
    mkdir /usr/local/lighttpd/htdocs
    mkdir /usr/local/lighttpd/logs
    mkdir /usr/local/lighttpd/etc
    cp ./doc/lighttpd.conf /usr/local/lighttpd/etc/
    cd /usr/local/lighttpd/
    				
  4. 配置lighttpd.conf

    vi etc/lighttpd.conf

    找到 server.modules

    删除 mod_fastcgi 前的注释

    跟据你的需求修改下面定义

    server.document-root = "/usr/local/lighttpd/htdocs/"

    server.errorlog = "/usr/local/lighttpd/logs/lighttpd.error.log"

    accesslog.filename = "/usr/local/lighttpd/logs/access.log"

    注释 $HTTP["url"]

    #$HTTP["url"] =~ "\.pdf$" {
    #  server.range-requests = "disable"
    #}
    				
  5. 运行lighttpd

    /usr/local/lighttpd/sbin/lighttpd -f /usr/local/lighttpd/etc/lighttpd.conf
    				

    测试

    curl http://ip/ 因为/www/pages/下没有HTML页面所以返回:

    404 - Not Found

48.1.3.1. shell script

lighttpd script

例 48.1. /etc/init.d/lighttpd

					
#!/bin/bash
# lighttpd init file for web server
#
# chkconfig: - 100 100
# description: Security, speed, compliance, and flexibility--all of these describe LightTPD which is rapidly redefining efficiency of a webserver;
#				as it is designed and optimized for high performance environments.
# author: Neo Chen<openunix@163.com>
#
# processname: $PROG
# config:
# pidfile: /var/run/lighttpd

# source function library
. /etc/init.d/functions

PREFIX=/usr/local/lighttpd
PROG=$PREFIX/sbin/lighttpd
OPTIONS="-f /usr/local/lighttpd/etc/lighttpd.conf"
USER=daemon
RETVAL=0
prog="lighttpd"

start() {
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
        if [ $UID -ne 0 ]; then
                RETVAL=1
                failure
        else
                daemon --user=$USER $PROG $OPTIONS
                RETVAL=$?
                [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/lighttpd
        fi;
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}

stop() {
        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
        if [ $UID -ne 0 ]; then
                RETVAL=1
                failure
        else
                killproc $PROG
                RETVAL=$?
                [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/lighttpd
        fi;
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}

reload(){
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
        killproc $PROG -HUP
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}

restart(){
	stop
	start
}

condrestart(){
    [ -e /var/lock/subsys/lighttpd ] && restart
    return 0
}

case "$1" in
  start)
	start
	;;
  stop)
	stop
	;;
  restart)
	restart
        ;;
  reload)
	reload
        ;;
  condrestart)
	condrestart
	;;
  status)
        status lighttpd
	RETVAL=$?
        ;;
  *)
	echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|reload}"
	RETVAL=1
esac

exit $RETVAL