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11.2. Spring Cloud Netflix

11.2.1. Eureka Server

11.2.1.1. Maven

			
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

	<groupId>cn.netkiller.spring.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>netflix.eureka.server</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>jar</packaging>

	<name>eureka.server</name>
	<url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
	</properties>

	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>1.5.7.RELEASE</version>
		<relativePath />
	</parent>

	<dependencyManagement>
		<dependencies>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-cloud-netflix</artifactId>
				<version>1.3.5.RELEASE</version>
				<type>pom</type>
				<scope>import</scope>
			</dependency>
		</dependencies>
	</dependencyManagement>

	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-eureka-server</artifactId>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
				<configuration>
					<skip>true</skip>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
</project>			
			
			

11.2.1.2. Application

			
package cn.netkiller.spring.cloud.netflix.eureka.server;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.server.EnableEurekaServer;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaServer
public class Application {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		System.out.println("Hello World!");
		// new SpringApplicationBuilder(Application.class).web(true).run(args);
		SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
	}
}
			
			

11.2.1.3. application.properties

			
server.port=8761
eureka.client.register-with-eureka=false
eureka.client.fetch-registry=false
eureka.client.serviceUrl.defaultZone=http://localhost:${server.port}/eureka/

logging.level.com.netflix.eureka=OFF
logging.level.com.netflix.discovery=OFF
			
			

11.2.1.4. 检查注册服务器

http://localhost:8761

11.2.1.5. 为 Eureka Server 增加用户认证

11.2.1.5.1. Maven
				
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
		</dependency>				
				
				
11.2.1.5.2. application.properties
security.user.name=eureka
security.user.password=s3cr3t				
				
11.2.1.5.3. Eureka Client
spring.application.name=restful-api-service
eureka.client.serviceUrl.defaultZone=http://eureka:s3cr3t@localhost:8761/eureka/
				
11.2.1.5.4. Feign Client
eureka.client.serviceUrl.defaultZone=http://eureka:s3cr3t@localhost:8761/eureka/
				

11.2.2. Eureka Client

11.2.2.1. Maven

			
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

	<groupId>cn.netkiller.spring.cloud</groupId>
	<artifactId>eureka.client</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>jar</packaging>

	<name>eureka.client</name>
	<url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
	</properties>

	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>1.5.7.RELEASE</version>
		<relativePath />
	</parent>
	
	<dependencyManagement>
		<dependencies>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-cloud-netflix</artifactId>
				<version>1.3.5.RELEASE</version>
				<type>pom</type>
				<scope>import</scope>
			</dependency>
		</dependencies>
	</dependencyManagement>
	
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-config</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-eureka</artifactId>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
				<configuration>
					<skip>true</skip>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
</project>
			
			

11.2.2.2. Application

			
package cn.netkiller.spring.cloud.eureka.client;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.EnableAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@Configuration
@EnableAutoConfiguration
@EnableEurekaClient
@RestController

public class Application {

	@RequestMapping("/")
	public String home() {
		return "Hello World";
	}

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
	}
}
			
			

11.2.2.3. RestController

			
package cn.netkiller.spring.cloud.eureka.client;

import java.util.List;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.ServiceInstance;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.discovery.DiscoveryClient;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
public class TestRestController {
	private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(TestRestController.class);

	@RequestMapping("/")
	public String version() {
		logger.info("Hello!!!");
		return "Version: v1.0.0";
	}

	@RequestMapping(value = "/add", method = RequestMethod.GET)
	public Integer add(@RequestParam Integer a, @RequestParam Integer b) {
		Integer r = a + b;
		return r;
	}
	
	@RequestMapping("/greeting")
	public String greeting() {
		return "GREETING";
	}
}
			
			

11.2.2.4. application.properties

			
spring.application.name=test-service
server.port=8080
eureka.client.serviceUrl.defaultZone=http://localhost:8761/eureka/
			
			

11.2.2.5. 测试

首先确认客户端已经注册到 http://localhost:8761/

你可以启动很多 Eureka 客户端,相同的 spring.application.name 会归为一组,为用户提供负载均衡。

			
neo@MacBook-Pro ~ % curl http://localhost:8080/
Hello World
			
			

add 接口测试

			
curl http://localhost:8080/add.json?a=5&b=3

8
			
			

11.2.3. Feign client

11.2.3.1. Maven

			
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

	<groupId>cn.netkiller.spring.cloud.netflix</groupId>
	<artifactId>feign.client</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>jar</packaging>

	<name>feign.client</name>
	<url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
	</properties>

	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>1.5.3.RELEASE</version>
		<relativePath />
	</parent>

	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-eureka</artifactId>
			<version>1.3.1.RELEASE</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-feign</artifactId>
			<version>1.3.1.RELEASE</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
				<configuration>
					<skip>true</skip>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
</project>
			
			

11.2.3.2. Application

			
package cn.netkiller.spring.cloud.netflix.feign.client;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EnableEurekaClient;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.feign.EnableFeignClients;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableEurekaClient
@EnableFeignClients
@RestController
public class Application {
	@Autowired
	private GreetingClient greetingClient;

	@RequestMapping("/get-greeting")
	public String greeting() {
		return greetingClient.greeting();
	}

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
		System.out.println("Hello World!");
	}
}
			
			

11.2.3.3. interface

			
package cn.netkiller.spring.cloud.netflix.feign.client;

import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.feign.FeignClient;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

@FeignClient("test-service")
public interface GreetingClient {
	@RequestMapping("/greeting")
	String greeting();
}
			
			

@FeignClient("test-service") 是 Eureka Client application.properties 中的 spring.application.name 配置项

@RequestMapping("/greeting") 是 Eureka Client RestController 中的 @RequestMapping

11.2.3.4. application.properties

			
spring.application.name=spring-cloud-eureka-feign-client
server.port=8088
#eureka.client.register-with-eureka=false
#eureka.client.fetch-registry=false
eureka.client.serviceUrl.defaultZone=http://localhost:8761/eureka/
feign.compression.response.enabled=true
feign.compression.request.enabled=true
feign.compression.request.mime-types=text/xml,application/xml,application/json
feign.compression.request.min-request-size=2048
			
			

11.2.3.5. 测试

			
$ curl -s http://localhost:8088/get-greeting.json

GREETING
			
			

11.2.3.6. fallback

			
@FeignClient(value = "restful-api-service", fallback = UserServiceFeignClientFallback.class)
public interface UserServiceFeignClient {
@RequestMapping(value = "/api/user/{id}", method = RequestMethod.GET, produces = MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE, consumes = MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE)
    User getUser(@PathVariable("id") int id);

    @RequestMapping(value = "/api/user/search/findByName?name={name}", method = RequestMethod.GET, produces = MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE, consumes = MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE)
    User findUserByName(@PathVariable("name") String name);

    @RequestMapping(value = "/api/user/search/findByAddress?address={address}", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    String findUserByAddress(@PathVariable("address") String address);
}
			
			
			
@Component
public class UserServiceFeignClientFallback implements UserServiceFeignClient {

    @Override
    public User getUser(int id) {
        return new User("getUser.Fallback", "feignClient return");
    }

    @Override
    public User findUserByName(String name) {
        return new User("findUserByName.Fallback", "feignClient return");
    }

    @Override
    public String findUserByAddress(String address) {
        return "fallback";
    }
}			
			
			

11.2.4. Zuul

11.2.4.1. Maven

			
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

	<groupId>cn.netkiller</groupId>
	<artifactId>zuul</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>jar</packaging>

	<name>zuul</name>
	<url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

	<properties>
		<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
	</properties>
	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>1.5.6.RELEASE</version>
		<relativePath /> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
	</parent>
	<dependencyManagement>
		<dependencies>
			<dependency>
				<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
				<version>Dalston.SR2</version>
				<type>pom</type>
				<scope>import</scope>
			</dependency>
		</dependencies>
	</dependencyManagement>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-zuul</artifactId>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</project>
			
			
			

11.2.4.2. EnableZuulProxy

			
package cn.netkiller.zuul;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.zuul.EnableZuulProxy;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableZuulProxy
public class Application {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
	}
}
			
			
			

11.2.4.3. application.yml

			
server:
  port: 8765

logging:
  level:
    ROOT: INFO
    org.springframework.web: DEBUG

zuul:
  routes:
    restful:
      path: /restful/**
      url: http://api:password@api.netkiller.com:8080/restful
			
			

11.2.4.4. 负载均衡配置

			
zuul:
  routes:
    httpbin:
      path: /**
      serviceId: httpslb

httpslb:
  ribbon:
    listOfServers: api1.netkiller.org, api2.netkiller.cn